Distroless is for Security if not for Size

image: blog.docker.com
docker run -it gcr.io/distroless/base /bin/sh
docker: Error response from daemon: OCI runtime create failed: container_linux.go:348: starting container process caused "exec: \"/bin/sh\": stat /bin/sh: no such file or directory": unknown.
docker pull gcr.io/distroless/base
  1. Less attack surface: By avoiding unnecessary stuffs on the packaged docker images, the doors for any kind of attack from inside or outside is reduced. Distroless has no package manager like apk tools in alpine, apt in ubuntu. In case, attacker want to change a live container installing packages, there’s no chance.
  2. Avoid Image Vulnerabilities: Using general OS specific docker images, they need to be updated in case of any vulnerabilities or apply security patches. Also, packages and libraries vulnerability can be avoided to greater extent.
  3. Confirms Immutability: Immutability should be in the heart while running docker container. Even if by chance you are doing manual operation inside docker, the was needs to be left instantly.
  4. Secure Secret Variables: We basically use file based secrets or environment variables. If someone by some way exec into docker container, the secret is clearly exposed but as Distroless doesn’t have shell access.
  5. Secure Network Connection/Service Call: We could have services running in docker which are not exposed to external world but visible to internal network for eg. by using service name in Kubernetes. In case of any unprivileged access, the service call can be easily made from one container to other in the network. Also, for security purpose, we limit database access from inside the container in network which becomes useless if someone gets shell access. Restricting shell access stops this kind of attack surfaces by Distroless.



DevOps | SRE | #GDE

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